The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? For we, though many, are one bread and one body; for we all partake of that one bread. 1 Corinthians 10:16-17 NKJV
The apostle Paul instructed the church at Corinth that communion was be observed in remembrance of Jesus Christ—His crucifixion and resurrection. In fact, he further said that “for as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes” (1 Cor. 11:24-26). In our text above, Paul further shows that communion is a celebration of oneness—“one bread and one body.” It is first oneness with the Lord and then oneness with one another. It is a time of intimacy with the Lord and His Body around a table sharing bread and wine with one another to express the true union of all believers. Communion (koinonia Greek) is fellowship, partnership, participation, and social intercourse—one believer to another.
Communion is an expression of oneness, “one bread and one body.” A fitting metaphor for communion is “One Loaf”, as in a loaf of bread. The basic ingredients in a loaf of bread are: flour, milk, salt, sugar, butter/oil, yeast, and water. Spiritually speaking, like the ingredients of bread, though we are many, communion reminds us that we are still “One Loaf.” “One Loaf” is union in Christ.
In the Scriptures, God’s first revelation of oneness was the union between Adam and Eve (Gen. 2:21-24). Oneness isn’t just bodily; it is unity of mind, spirit, and purpose (1 Cor. 1:10). The cup and the bread, not only symbolizes our unity in Christ, it also creates it (1 John 1:7). Make no mistake about it, we don’t partake of the one loaf and one cup because we are one, but we become one when we do (Eph. 4:3). It is absolutely true that in communion, “the cup of blessing which we bless, it is the communion of the blood of Christ. The bread which we break, it is the communion of the body of Christ. “For we, though many, are one bread and one body; for we all partake of that one [loaf]” (1 Cor. 10:17).