Threefold Ministry of the Holy Spirit
Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you. 8 And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: 9 of sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more; 11 of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. John 16:7-11 NKJV
The Holy Spirit is the “other” Comforter that Jesus promised His disciples (John 14:16). The Comforter (Parakletos)—One called alongside to be a Helper, Counselor and Teacher, and also to vindicate the Innocent One. Jesus was an innocent man convicted of a capital crime and sentenced to death by crucifixion. But had Jesus not come, there would be no Gospel; had He not died, there would be no remission of sin; and, had He not rose from the dead, there would be no victory over the devil and death. While ministering on earth, Jesus had a threefold ministry of teaching, preaching, and healing (Matt. 9:35), and the Holy Spirit also, now, has a threefold ministry here on earth.
In addition to the Holy Spirit’s threefold ministry, He gives the believer an advantage over the devil, over problems of life, human limitations, and low expectations (See John 16:7; 14:16-18, 26; 16:13).
The threefold ministry of the Holy Spirit is to convict the world of sin, of righteousness, and judgment. (1) To reject Jesus is the ultimate sin. It is the Spirit’s ministry to convict sinners—not the Christian or the preacher of the Gospel (Acts 2:37-38). The Believer’s ministry is to love and accept the sinner, proclaim the truth, and let your light shine in their darkness; (2) the Holy Spirit second task is to convince and reveal to the world Jesus’ innocence, make God’s righteousness available to all who believe, and to teach you God’s standard of righteousness, because Jesus is no longer physically present on earth (2 Cor. 5:21; 1 Peter 2:24); and , the third task of the Holy Spirit to demonstrate Christ’s judgment over Satan (John 12:31-32). The death of Christ on the Cross was not a defeat, but a victory—a judgment and condemnation of Satan (Matt. 25:41; Col. 2:15). These three tasks are the threefold ministry of the Holy Spirit.